Bonding Composite Materials

Bonding Composite Materials and Lightweighting
Bonding Composite Materials and Lightweighting

3M design specialists can help to lower manufacturing costs, improve energy consumption, and enhance vehicle aesthetics, by reducing weight with innovative lightweighting solutions.

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  • Reducing product weight with material decisions

    With government regulations requiring ever-increasing fuel economy standards, car manufacturers are leading the way in applying lightweighting technology. 3M and Automotive Engineering International have teamed up to find out which technologies and materials are the most effective in helping manufacturers meet their weight reduction goals.


Bonding Dissimilar Materials
Composites rank among the most favourable materials for lightweighting

Engineering professionals have voted on which materials are the most beneficial for lightweighting

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  • 3M solutions for joining and bonding composite parts in lightweight designs

    Joining and Bonding Composite Parts

    Substrates, such as metal and plastic, can have significantly different physical and chemical properties that must be accommodated in new, lighter weight designs. Download our whitepaper to learn more about bonding composite parts.

    Read the Whitepaper (PDF, 798.5 KB)

     

  • 3M solutions for joining plastic to metal

    Joining Plastic to Metal

    As design engineers seek out more materials to help reach their lightweighting targets, challenges with bonding dissimilar materials can often arise due to differences in chemical properties. Download our 'New Techniques for Joining Plastic to Metal' article to explore how manufacturers are using tapes and adhesives to bond dissimilar materials.

    Read the Article (PDF, 553.6 KB)

    Multi-Material Bonding Page

  • 3M tapes and adhesives for lightweighting

    Tapes and Adhesives for Lightweighting

    Strength. Durability. Longevity. Versatility. 3M adhesives and tapes are the ideal solution for bonding composites, plastics, and other lightweighting materials.

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Four challenges to consider when reducing product weight with substrates

  • Heat Susceptibility of Substrates
    Heat and flame resistance are critical considerations in designing products as diverse as hair dryers, vacuums, snowmobiles and commercial vehicle battery cables. Some applications may require overall heat resistance, while others need one-time protection from a flame event at the end of product life. When lightweighting, if a new substrate is susceptible to heat or flame, 3M foil tapes can provide the necessary protection.
  • Visual Appearance of Substrates
    A change to lightweighting substrates, especially from metal to plastic, can significantly change the appearance of products and create the perception of reduced quality. However, this can be addressed by adding veneers to new substrates or products to enhance their aesthetics and consumer appeal. 3M decorative film solutions can be used on products including consumer electronics or large home appliances, to make plastic surfaces more visually appealing.
  • Noisy Substrates
    The lightweighting of substrates often produces noise of greater frequency and higher pitch, which can unfortunately create false perceptions of lower quality or decreased safety. However, you can decrease excessive frequency and pitch with 3M sound damping products.
  • Flexible Substrates
    Materials used for lightweighting substrates can often be more flexible, meaning some products may need reinforcement to reach the strength required. However, the reinforcing materials must be light-weight enough to provide a net reduction in product weight. 3M adhesion technology can be used to achieve this in a variety of applications, including small appliances, handheld tools, electronics and signage.

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