aircraft

Proven Custom Solutions

for manufacturing in the Plane industry

CONTACT 3M EXPERT

Planes

Whether you are making Air Force One, an autogyro, a turbojet engine or even a single turbine blade, you need quality, precision and experience. Explore the largest portfolio for manufacturers and suppliers. A dedicated market specialist can help you with everyday production challenges using dedicated, certified structural adhesives and sealing adhesives, masking tapes and special-purpose tapes, as well as pictograms printed on 3M films. We always keep our performance in the top flight.


Other Transportation

  • Bus

    Learn how to reduce production costs, optimise manufacturing time and improve the quality of the paint booth.

  • Train

    Design, production, repair and maintenance - want to lower costs of grinding, reduce noise and protect the surface?

  • Boat and yacht

    An aluminuim boat or carbon fibre catamaran? We know how to work with resins and have perfectly smooth surfaces.

  • Truck

    Learn how to reduce production costs, optimise manufacturing time and improve the quality of the paint booth.


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Contact 3M’s dedicated aircraft expert!

We are here to help

Need help finding the right solution for your project? Contact a 3M Expert if you need product, technical or application advice or consultancy.
Tel:08705 360036

Need help finding the right solution for your project? Contact a 3M Expert if you need product, technical or application advice or consultancy.
Tel:08705 360036


Surface preparation

The surface of the material to be processed is machined. The goal is usually to prepare it for the next process, such as painting, bonding, etc. This process may involve chemical, mechanical (abrasive) treatment, anodisation, corona treatment, etc.

  • Production of composite parts

    Tapes serve various functions in the adhesive bonding of composites:
    Double-sided tapes are used for temporary fixing. PTFE tapes are used to protect tools and moulds against contamination.
    PET/polyamide tapes are used for flash breaking.


    Why 3M?

    3M™ Polyamide Tape 855 without silicone adhesive for demanding flash breaking applications. The same applies for polyester tapes 8992. The tapes can also be used to hold parts in place. 3M™ PTFE tapes create excellent anti-friction, non-adhesive surfaces. 3M™ Film 9485PC is the best double-sided tape for temporary fixing in composite lamination processes.

  • During metal treatment, the metallic part is shot-peened/shot-blasted in order to produce a specific texture or hardness. Abrasive materials are fired at high speed. Areas that are not to be treated are frequently masked, and the masking coatings have to be strong and resilient.


    Why 3M?

    Resistance to treatment with various methods (shot blasting, glass bead blasting, sand blasting, etc.) reduces the number of defects. 3M tapes with rubber adhesives are generally more durable than vinyl tapes, and they are designed for treatment with harder methods. Excellent adhesion to a number of metals enables the tape to stick to the part during shot peening/blasting, reducing the number of defects, spot repairs and discarded parts. 3M tapes can be easily and cleanly removed from the shot peened/blasted parts, requiring less labour.

  • Why 3M?

    • Patented, uniquely-shaped Cubitron™ II grains enable quicker and more environmentally friendly cutting.
    • Higher output with shorter grinding time.
    • Consistent finish and quality
    • Lower consumption of abrasives and reduction of production costs.

  • Deburring of metal after treatment and rounding of sharp edges.


    Why 3M?

    • Dedicated deburring solutions – rounding of sharp edges without cutting. Many grades available to match specific processes. Durable and easy to use.
    • Innovative solutions that reduce or eliminate the need for touch-ups.
    • High-quality products for best-in-class quality.
    • Reduced consumption of abrasives and production costs.

  • Why 3M?

    • Wide range of technologies and solutions
    • Innovative solutions that reduce or eliminate the need for touch-ups
    • High-quality products
    • Reduced consumption of abrasives and production costs

  • Grinding and finishing of parts after pressing/welding.

    Why 3M?

    • Wide range of technologies and solutions dedicated to specific requirements and types of treated parts.
    • Innovative solutions that reduce the number of treatment stages and improve working efficiency.
    • High-quality products for better grinding and enhanced durability.
    • Reduced consumption of abrasives and production costs.

  • Galvanisation involves the application of thin metallic coatings by depositing one metal on another when the part is submerged in a chemical bath.
    The chemical bath requires constant recirculation and filtration in order to avoid contamination of the part during the process.


    Why 3M?

    • Enhanced contaminant holding capacity for fewer filter change outs.
    • Compatible with a wide range of applications and operating conditions.
    • Grooved cartridge with extended surface area promotes fuller utilisation of the depth-matrix and promotes long filter life.
    • Less frequent filter replacement, less waste.
    • Higher efficiency, less corrective work caused by contamination, minimised downtime.

  • Metallic parts are anodised to prevent corrosion and ensure good paint adhesion. The parts are submerged in multiple chemical baths to change the electrical and chemical properties of the metal surface.
    The chemical bath requires constant recirculation and filtration in order to avoid contamination of the part during the process.


    Why 3M?

    • Enhanced contaminant holding capacity for fewer filter change outs.
    • Compatible with a wide range of applications and operating conditions.
    • Grooved cartridge with extended surface area promotes fuller utilisation of the depth-matrix and promotes long filter life.
    • Less frequent filter replacement, less waste.
    • Higher efficiency, less corrective work caused by contamination, minimised downtime.

  • Grinding involves removing material and preparing surfaces to shape and finish components made of metals and other materials.


    Why 3M?

    3M Personal Protective Equipment offers compatibility, comfort and protection as well as the possibility of boosting protection and comfort with forced air systems.


Painting and coating

Materials are coated to provide protection against corrosion or other factors (abrasion, UV, etc.) or to achieve the desired surface appearance.

  • Galvanisation of metallic components

    Galvanisation involves the application of thin metallic coatings by depositing one metal on another when the part is submerged in a chemical bath. Galvanisation uses electrochemical phenomena that accompany the flow of current between the electrodes in the galvanic bath. Selected areas of metal are covered with a special masking coating to prevent them from being galvanised. The masking coatings have to be resistant to aggressive chemicals in order not to fall off from the parts.


    Why 3M?

    Excellent resistance to chemical substances can reduce the need for touch-ups. Unlike liquid masking substances, 3M tapes do not require time to set. The tapes also ensure even cut-off lines and can be removed quickly, 3M™ vinyl tapes 470, 471 and 484 guarantee a perfect fit and successful masking of parts with complex shapes. 3M™ lead tape 420 has a conductive backing and enables edge tapering after application of pressure in order to prevent the build-up of the coating at the tape edges and reduce the need for grinding after galvanisation (hard chromium). The tapes can improve efficiency and quality through consistent reproduction of non-standard shapes.

  • Aluminium parts are anodised to prevent surface corrosion. Selected areas of the parts that are not supposed to be anodised are frequently masked. Then the parts are submerged in multiple chemical baths and subjected to electrochemical processes to create the protective coating.


    Why 3M?

    Tapes can be used immediately – there is no need to wait until they set (like with liquid masking products), which increases efficiency. In comparison with liquid masking products, 3M tapes can be applied and removed more quickly, and less time is needed to clean the parts afterwards. The tapes accelerate the production of parts without compromising the quality.

  • Both organic and non-organic surfaces are masked and painted. Non-organic surfaces: metallic surfaces that have been anodised but have not been painted or primed. Organic surfaces: paint or primer have been applied, but not the final coat.


    Why 3M?

    • With our wide range, most customers will be able to find a suitable product at an acceptable price.
    • 3M can help in reducing/eliminating the need for touch-ups caused by intrusion of paint under the masking coating and non-distinct contours. Our products can reduce/eliminate the need for touch-ups caused by tape fraying / adhesive transfer.
    • 3M™ vinyl tapes ensure distinct lines on complex-shaped parts and enable taping surfaces with a small radius for quicker application of the masking coating and more consistent masking effects.

  • Planes are frequently painted with different colours, which means that the surface of the plane has to be repeatedly masked during painting. The masking tape must be capable of withstanding the weight of all masking and paint. Metallic tapes used for protection during removal of old coating.


    Why 3M?

    3M tapes ensure a constant unwinding speed, improving user comfort as well as the quality and efficiency of the process. 3M tapes limit the fraying effect, the need to remove adhesive residue, intrusion of paint around the edges and tearing-off of the edges – smaller number of touch-ups required, higher quality of finish and quicker removal of the masking tape. Vinyl tape 471 can be used to mask complex shapes. 3M™ aluminium foil tapes 425 and 427 are resistant to the aggressive chemicals used for the removal of old paint coating and to abrasion, and they can be used to protect sensitive parts such as windows.

  • Surface levelling and roughening, particularly surface treatment (smoothing and levelling) after patching or removal of old paint. Usually with random-orbital sanders using Hookit™ discs (P80–P320). Less frequent hand machining using non-woven sheets, e.g. Scotch-Brite™.


    Why 3M?

    • Wide range of technologies and solutions dedicated to specific requirements and types of treated parts.
    • Innovative solutions that reduce or eliminate the need for touch-ups
    • High-quality products for better grinding and enhanced durability.
    • Reduced consumption of abrasives and production costs.

  • Removal of painting defects from the finished coating using fine-grained abrasive discs (P600–P3000) (removal of inclusions, scratches, dust, uneven paint lines and “orange peel”), followed by polishing for shine using polishes and pastes with foam pads or wool pads.


    Why 3M?

    • Innovative solutions that reduce or eliminate the need for touch-ups
    • High product quality ensures very good and consistent results in a short time or in fewer operations. User-friendly products which do not require much experience.
    • Reduced consumption of abrasives and production costs. Product lines dedicated for many types of paint (2K paints, 1K paints, clearcoats, PU paints, single-coat paints).

  • For all applications in the aviation industry where customers currently use a gravity feed spray gun and a cup. If spraying very thick products, we recommend using a compressed-air gun.


    Why 3M?

    3M™ Accuspray™ system with replaceable 1.4, 1.8 and 2.0 heads, working with PPS™ cups. Documented cost savings: Accuspray™ reduces solvent, primer and paint waste as well as the time needed for cleaning and servicing. All Accuspray™ spray guns and heads are manufactured in the US! Versatile applications: The system can be used for any coating application (don't wait, just paint!). A very thick coating can be applied using the Accuspray™ HG Pressure model with a pressurised hard cup with soft PPS™ liners in mini, standard and 850-ml sizes. Pressurised cup with a liner inside.

  • Protect your paint booth walls and floors while reducing the amount of airborne contaminants that could damage the paint coat. Apply the products on walls and floors using the dispensers to reduce paint booth maintenance time.


    Why 3M?

    3M™ Dirt Trap™ protection material is used to protect paint booths and surfaces in order to reduce the amount of contaminants, dirt and dust and limit the contamination of the painted surface. In addition, the supplied dispensing tools shorten the time required for booth maintenance and reduce maintenance costs. This protection material can be used as temporary surface protection both inside and outside the booth.

  • The protection material is perfect for protecting surfaces and keeping them clean. It is used primarily for floors, as a substitute for paper or cardboard, which require masking (fixing to the floor or substrate) and which create a tripping hazard.


    Why 3M?

    3M™ Dirt Trap™ protection material for booths and surface protection is designed to reduce the amount of contaminants, dirt and dust, and it also shortens the time required for booth maintenance. This protective material can be used as temporary surface protection both indoors and outdoors, on areas such as floors, circulation routes and stairs. If you require temporary surface protection or cleaning, try using a protection material!

  • Non-organic surfaces: metallic surfaces that have been anodised but have not been painted or primed.
    Organic surfaces: paint or primer have been applied, but not the final coat.


    Why 3M?

    • Filters that reduce the number of gels that cause craters and other inclusions. Filters are adjusted to specific pigments.
    • Improved contaminant capture, higher filter capacity, compatibility with a wide range of chemicals.
    • Larger surface, longer filter life, less frequent filter replacement, less waste.
    • Higher efficiency, less corrective work caused by contamination, minimised downtime.


  • Personal protective equipment for painting

    Spray painting is a technique that involves device-assisted atomising of coating (paint, ink, coat, etc.) on a surface. The most popular types of equipment use compressed gas, usually air, to atomise and direct the paint particles.


    Why 3M?

    • Respiratory protection systems with compressed air units provide more effective respiratory protection and thermal comfort for workers, increasing their efficiency.
    • 3M paint coveralls include an air-permeable, breathable SMS layer.
    • 3M fall protection harnesses offer maximum comfort, free movement and ease of use with innovations such as the D-Ring connection or the Revolver to adjust strap length.

Assembly/bonding

Following one of the previous processes, substrates/elements are bonded. The joint may be mechanical (rivets, screws), but also welded, glued, bonded, heat-treated, etc.
  • Temporary surface protection during machining and shop work

    The tapes can be used for riveting to hold the parts in place. During grinding, tapes with a durable adhesive layer, which can be cleanly removed, provide extra protection for the surfaces near the area to be ground.


    Why 3M?

    3M™ vinyl tape 471 is the most frequently used tape for protection during machining – easy to apply on the surface and removes cleanly. 3M™ aluminium foil tapes serve as a barrier protecting against high temperatures that could damage adjacent areas. 3M™ polyethylene tape 8979 can be torn off by hand, is very resistant to stretching and has a strong backing.

  • Different tapes are used to hold, join and identify parts when it is important that the tape be removed without residue, e.g. joining multiple parts, etc.


    Why 3M?

    3M 471 tape is available in different colours. High strength is suitable for holding, joining and identification applications. The adhesive provides clean tape removal. Wide range of colours and sizes for identification purposes. 3M™ polyethylene tape 8979 can be torn off by hand, but it is highly resistant to stretching.

  • Welding of joints (of metallic parts or components ) by heating the surface to melting temperature using a torch, electric arc or other method and joining them by compression, etc.


    Why 3M?

    • The 3M™ Speedglas™ 9100XXi filter enables better colour recognition, letting the welder focus only on the equipment, welding methods, precise grinding, inspection, etc. This translates to improved efficiency of the welder and limits the number of adjustments and waste.
    • The Adflo PAPR system with Speedglas Welding Helmet provides the most effective and comfortable respiratory protection for welders. Our system reduces the number of PPE pieces per worker from 5 to 1, which makes it easier for employers to manage the equipment.


Finishing

In the next step, the nearly finished product is sealed, labelled, customised, polished, and, if there are any production defects, corrected.
  • Paint finishing

    For finishing of paint coatings or composite materials, we recommend using the Perfect-It™ III Colour Code system to provide the perfect shine. Used with Trizact™ (P1500, 2000, 3000 and 5000) and Perfect-It™ sanding discs, it is the quickest way to finish the surface, and it enables easy cleaning.


    Why 3M?

    3M™ Trizact™ 3000 and 6000 abrasives are used to eliminate cracks formed during removal of paint coating defects and finishing, reducing the time spent on polishing as well as the use of polishing products. The abrasives consist of precisely shaped three-dimensional pyramids consisting of multiple layers of the abrasive material, distributed uniformly on the disc. As the pyramids wear out, new, sharp grains are exposed. Polishing products are designed for optimum performance in combination with the 3M™ Perfect-It™ Colour Code system, which enables perfect polishing of the surface after the removal of inclusions and defects for an excellent result, even on dark surfaces. Remove polishing marks from painted surfaces, even from dark paints. Adaptor 3M™ Quick Connect facilitates quick replacement of polishing foam and wool pads and enables perfect pad alignment.

  • Personal protective equipment used in the aviation industry.


    Why 3M?

    • 3M Safety Goggles offer the most effective anti-fog coating on the market.
    • 3M fall protection harnesses offer maximum comfort, free movement and ease of use with innovations such as the D-Ring connection or the Revolver to adjust strap length.
    • Our range of hearing protection products includes various noise-reducing earplugs, both disposable and reusable.


Storage and transport

The final stage is to secure the surface, packaging and preparation for shipment or storage in a warehouse. Every manufacturer wants to ensure that their product reaches the customer in an unchanged condition.
  • Temporary surface protection during storage and transport

    Protection of parts and structures during handling or transport. Temporary protection during short or long-term storage.


    Why 3M?

    3M™ vinyl tape 471 can be used to protect sensitive parts during transport, and it can easily be removed, limiting the need for removal of adhesive residue. 3M™ polyester tape 8992 sticks to difficult to bond to surfaces and can be left on the parts during many production processes, preventing the loss of time to remove and re-apply the tape – it can be removed without a trace.


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